To help students evaulate news stories, break the class into small groups of three or four. Pass out two articles to each group on the same topic -- one legitimate news story, and one that is either opinion or other type of "fake news."
Instruct the group to read the articles and decide:
After several minutes, reconvene the class and discuss the groups' findings.
For more details and suggestions on articles to use and ways to evaluate articles, visit the Oakland Public Library blog.
Help your students evaluate whether a photo in an article is showing what is claimed.
An easy way to check where a photo came from is to use Google Images. Just save a copy of the photo to your desktop, and open http://images.google.com/ in your browser. Drag the photo to the page, and Google will show where else the photo has been used. (If you use Chrome, you can just right click on the photo on the website and select "Search Google for image.") If it has been shown to be fake by Snopes.com or another factchecking site, those results often show prominently.
If you're interested in studying news literacy and how to avoid "fake news" more in depth with your students, here are some helpful links to fact-checking sites, resources, and lessons:
Subscribe to The Week in Fact-Checking (weekly email newsletter from Poynter and the American Press Institute)
From The Atlantic: Can a Beautiful Website of Facts Change Anybody’s Mind?