The 2020 census will show what the U.S. looks like this year. But what will the U.S. look like in the future?
The Census Bureau has offered some hints. Based on the latest data, the bureau predicted some future trends.
Over the next 40 years, the U.S. will become more diverse. That means there will be more people of different backgrounds living in the U.S.
The change will largely come from children. Starting this year, no single race group alone will make up more than half of U.S. children.
People who identify as two or more races will be the fastest-growing group. Their population will grow.
The share of non-Hispanic whites will fall below 50%. It will decrease by about 20 million by 2060.
The share of people of color will increase. Fast-growing groups will include Asian and Hispanic people.
Over the next 40 years, the U.S. population will also grow older. In 15 years, the number of people over the age of 65 will be larger than the number of children for the first time in U.S. history.
The median age will increase from 38 to 43. The median is the middle number in a set of numbers.
The last members of the group known as baby boomers will reach the age of 65 in 10 years. That group was born between 1946 and 1965. They are a very large generation.
Many people stop working at the age of 65. They start to collect money from Social Security. But as the population ages, there will be fewer working-age Americans to pay into Social Security. That could put a strain on the system.
Right now, there are about 3.5 working-age adults for every person of retirement age. That number will drop to 2.5 by 2060.
Population growth will start to slow as more Americans age. Young adults are marrying and having children at later ages. They are having fewer children than people used to have.
Right now, the population growth rate is 2.3 million people per year. By 2060, it will slow to 1.6 million people a year.
Still, the U.S. will probably have 400 million people by 2058. Right now, about 326 million people live in the U.S.
SOURCE: THE ASSOCIATED PRESS